It's hard getting an FM radio licence here in Andalucía. You need the written permission of the appropriate department in the Junta de Andalucía or you will end up with a huge fine. Huge. I was working for La COPE in Mojácar for a while. La COPE - the radio in the tower at the Parque Comercial - was part of a large radio presence owned, thanks to an edict from Franco, by Spain's bishops. You become a bishop, you get to share control of the COPE, you become an archbishop, well, you are on to other and no doubt greater responsibilities.
The Junta de
Andalucía doesn't like the COPE. It's reporting is obviously rather
right-wing, and the Junta's politics are firmly to the left.
the Junta sent a letter while I was at the radio. Your station is to be
closed down as you have no licence and your 'dial' - your frequency - is
to be given to La SER (a left-wing station, owned by the El País
people). There wasn't a SER in Mojácar at the time, but some fellows
were easily enough rounded up and the broadcasts quickly began.
Shortly after that, they moved to Vera.
the COPE was closed (a fine of 600,000€ was mentioned by the
smoked-salmon socialists of Seville). In fact, although the COPE is one
of the top three commercial stations in Spain, there are no COPE FMs in
the whole of Andalucía.
Around the same time, another Mojácar
radio, Radio Cool, was also closed by decree following a compliant from a
competitor, and a smaller if still considerable fine was levied against
that radio as well.
Mojácar's only radio today is Spectrum, which has a peculiar (indeed, unique) licence from the Ministry of the Interior in Madrid.
has a licence for a 'municipal radio', but the mayoress doesn't want
anything in Spanish on the local airwaves, as, well, they might say the wrong thing in a moment of madness...
radio which was causing problems for the Junta, no licence and the
wrong politics, was Radio La Marinera, broadcast out of Puerto Rey by a
retired pop singer called Andrés Caparrós. After another huge fine and
other threats, Andrés started broadcasting on the Internet and through
the social media (which the Junta can't control), but he has now thrown
in the towel, it says here,
after a number of years of his radio broadcast. Not many people listen
to satellite radio, beyond a few die-hard Radio 4 listeners connected to
Internet or satellite radio may be the way
forward, but governments can't control the content and, for this reason,
European cars are not fitted with satellite radio. Imagine that.